Trading The Inverted Hammer Candlestick Pattern

Inverted Hammer

Recognizing patterns that signal potential market reversals is crucial for making informed decisions. One such pattern is the Inverted Hammer candlestick, which often appears at the bottom of a downtrend, indicating a possible shift from bearish to bullish sentiment. This article delves into the intricacies of the Inverted Hammer, exploring its formation, significance, and how traders can leverage this pattern to anticipate market movements and optimize their trading strategies.

Related: The Hammer Candlestick Pattern

What is the Inverted Hammer Pattern?

Inverted Hammer Candlestick Pattern

The Inverted Hammer signifies a battle between buyers and sellers in the market. It emerges during a downtrend, where sellers have been driving the price down. The long upper wick reflects a surge in selling pressure, pushing the price sharply lower.

However, the bulls (buyers) intervene, absorbing the selling and driving the price back up.


The Inverted Hammer gets its name from its resemblance to an upside-down hammer.

Here’s a description of its visual characteristics:

  • Body: The body of the inverted hammer is small. It represents the difference between the opening and closing price for that specific trading period (day, week, etc). The color of the body isn’t a major factor, but ideally it’s hollow or white (for traditional candlestick charts), indicating a close higher than the open which reinforces the bullish reversal idea.
  • Wicks: The key feature is the long upper wick. This wick extends significantly upwards from the body, signifying a sharp increase in price during the trading period. It ideally should be at least twice the length of the body. This long wick represents the bears (sellers) driving the price down initially.
  • Lower Wick: The Inverted Hammer has a short or minimal lower wick extending downwards from the body. This indicates there wasn’t much selling pressure towards the end of the trading period, further supporting the idea of buyers taking control.

When it takes place

The Inverted Hammer pattern occurs specifically at the bottom of a downtrend. This is its key placement for signifying a potential trend reversal.

  • Downtrend signifies selling pressure: A downtrend indicates a period where sellers have been dominant, driving the price lower consistently.
  • Pattern’s location: The Inverted Hammer appearing at the downtrend’s bottom suggests a potential turning point. The selling pressure might be subsiding, as buyers are stepping in to fight back.
  • Price action after the pattern: The following trading days after the Inverted Hammer are crucial. If the price starts to rise, it strengthens the possibility that the downtrend might be reversing due to increased buying pressure.

Meaning (Potentially Bullish)

The Inverted Hammer pattern primarily indicates a potential bullish reversal following a downtrend.

LocationDowntrend bottomPotential reversal
BodySmallIndecision, some buying pressure
Upper WickLongStrong selling pressure countered
Lower WickShort/MinimalMinimal selling pressure
Color (Optional)White/Hollow (Bullish)Stronger reversal sign
OverallBullish reversal signalNeeds confirmation

Real-Life Example

real example inverted hammer

Imagine a stock has been in a downtrend, and on the trading day in question, the price opens at $50. During the day, the price rises to a high of $55 but then falls back and closes at $51.

How the candlestick would look:

  • Open: $50
  • High: $55
  • Low: $49
  • Close: $51

The candlestick for this day will have a small body near the bottom of the price range (between $50 and $51), a long upper shadow (from $51 to $55), and a very short or non-existent lower shadow (since it dipped only slightly below the opening price).

Example Conclusion: This pattern suggests that although sellers were able to regain control by the end of the trading day, the initial strong buying pressure could signal the beginning of a trend reversal if confirmed by subsequent price action.

Pros & Cons: Inverted Hammer

Bullish reversal signalRequires confirmation
Confirms market sentimentCan generate false signals
Easy to identifyShort-term indicator
Versatile applicationContext-dependent effectiveness
Validates support levelsLimited information on trend strength

Frequently Asked Questions

Is an inverted hammer bullish?

An inverted hammer candlestick pattern is typically considered bullish when it appears at the end of a downtrend, suggesting potential price reversal.

However, it’s essential to confirm with other technical indicators and market context for a more accurate assessment.

What is the logic behind inverted hammer?

This pattern suggests that despite initial selling pressure, buyers were able to regain control, potentially signaling a reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend.

To recap — an inverted hammer forms when sellers push the price lower during the trading session, but buyers step in before the session ends, causing the price to close near or above the opening level.

What is the difference between hammer and inverted hammer pattern?

The key difference between a hammer and an inverted hammer pattern lies in their placement within the price action.

A hammer occurs at the bottom of a downtrend, signaling potential bullish reversal, while an inverted hammer forms at the bottom of a downtrend as well but suggests a potential bullish reversal with a small body and a long upper shadow.


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